History and ideology in Chimamanda Adichie’s fiction

Sophia O. Ogwude


The colonial experience of the African and the imposition of colonial values on the African worldview are factors that indeed had
provided the impetus and even motivation for much of the literary production in the continent. This essay traces specifically the
issue of religious ideology/conflict from Achebe through Ngugi to Adichie. It attempts to show that in the successful execution of
her goals and objectives in Purple Hibiscus, Chimamanda Adichie mounts the rostrum reserved for the African masters of the art.
In this novel, she, in addition to other things, shows the wickedness perpetrated by overzealous African converts who often
demand and expect (from their dependants) the degree of self-negation which Soyinka has identified as cultural hostility. The
essay further posits that in the celebration of Nigerian history, even when ‘temporarily dislocated’, as well as our legitimate niche
in the Commonwealth of Nations, as she has done in Half of a Yellow Sun, Adichie educates non-Africans and alienated Africans
about the indomitable African spirit. Key words: African cultural traditions; African male autocracy; colonial social values;
Nigerian women fiction; religious chauvinism.

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